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Clinical trials

Safety and Immunogenicity of HBAI20 Hepatitis B Vaccine in Naive Adults and Non-responders

Rationale: Worldwide, people are suffering from the consequences of Hepatitis B (HB) virus infection. Currently available vaccines are protective in most of the vaccinees, however, a small part of the population does not respond to these vaccines (non-responders). A new adjuvant (AI20) has been developed by CyTuVax to improve the standard Hepatitis B vaccine for the protection of non-responders. The AI20 adjuvant consists of depot-attached rhuIL-2 (aggregated Interleukin-2 molecules attached to alum), facilitating the slow release of highly concentrated IL-2 nano aggregates. As shown in preclinical experiments, vaccination of mice, rats, and rabbits with the new HBAI20 vaccine results in higher and earlier immune responses to Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) compared to vaccination with one of the standard Hepatitis B vaccines. This clinical study will be done in order to assess the safety of the AI20 adjuvant and test if the AI20 adjuvanted Hepatitis B vaccine induces protective antibody titers in the vaccinated non-responders.

Objective: In the current study we investigate the safety of the HBAI20 vaccine. Furthermore, the efficacy of the HBAI20 vaccine in non-responders is investigated.

Study design: Partly double blinded randomized controlled intervention phase I study, partly open-label phase I study.

Study population: Healthy volunteers (n=24) and registered non-responders (n=12), 18-59 years old, males and females.

Intervention: The study will include 3 groups. HB vaccine naïve healthy subjects are randomized into group 1 and 2 and registered non-responders are included in group 3.

"Group 1" subjects receive the standard HB vaccine (HBVaxPro-10µg), "Group 2" and "Group 3" subjects receive the HBAI20 vaccine. 2 subjects from "Group 3" will constitute "Group 3 pilot" and will start the study 7 days before the start of the remaining "Group 3" subjects.

All study subjects in groups 2 and 3 will receive two vaccinations with the assigned investigational medical product (IMP) at 0 and 1 month and one regular booster vaccination with the standard HB vaccine HBVaxPro-10µg 6 months after the first dose according to the recommended vaccination schedule for HBVaxPro-10µg.

Main study parameters/endpoints: The primary study parameter is the number and intensity of local and systemic adverse reactions (redness, swelling, impaired movement). The secondary study parameter is the HBAI20 vaccine immunogenicity as measured by the median titer, geometric mean titer, geometric mean titer increase, proportion of subjects with a virus specific antibody titer measure by the COBAS system of ≥ 10 mIU/ml, and seroconversion rate. Seroconversion is defined as a four-fold increase in titer or a conversion from seronegative to an anti-HBsAg antibody titer of more than 10 mIU/ml after vaccinations.

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: Study subjects will be vaccinated 3 times at 0, 1 and 6 months from the beginning of the study and invited to the hospital for 8 visits. The risks associated with participation in this study are considered to be low and comparable with standard vaccines. Physical discomfort after vaccine administration can occur at the injection site (redness, swelling, etc.) and systemically (fever, fatigue, headache). Effects are expected to occur for a short period of time (within the first 4 days after the first and second injection). In addition subjects may experience adverse reactions to the cytokine component of the adjuvant. Because of the very low dose of the cytokine component of the adjuvant, which will be gradually released, the risks are expected to be low. The potential risks of venepuncture for blood sampling are mild pain and haematoma, and are considered low.

The naïve subjects participating in this study will benefit from participating by receiving immunization against Hepatitis B. Subjects in the non-responder group may benefit when they become responders due to the effect of the HBAI20 vaccine.

If you would be interested in participating in this clinical trial, you can contact the Medical Microbiology department desk through telephone 043-3876644 or by email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

More information can be found at #NCT02540538

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showCyTuVax is currently testing its vaccine technology in a clinical Phase 2 study of a vaccine for hepatitis B non-responders

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